Bacopa monnieri modulates antioxidant responses in brain and kidney of diabetic rats.
Role of oxidative stress has been reported in various diabetic complications including neuropathy, nephropathy and cardiopathy. This study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of Bacopa monnieri, a medicinal plant, on tissue antioxidant defense system and lipid peroxidative status in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Extract of B. monnieri was administered orally, once a day for 15 days (at doses 50, 125 and 250mg/(kgbw)) to diabetic rats. Activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, Catalase, and GPx), levels of GSH and lipid peroxidation were estimated in kidney, cerebrum, cerebellum and midbrain of diabetic rats and compared to reference drug, Glibenclamide. Administration of plant extract to diabetic rats showed significant reversal of disturbed antioxidant status and peroxidative damage. Significant increase in SOD, CAT, GPx activity and levels of GSH was observed in extract treated diabetic rats. The present study indicates that extract of B. monnieri modulates antioxidant activity, and enhances the defense against ROS generated damage in diabetic rats.