Denitrification of wastewater containing high nitrate and calcium concentrations
The removal of nitrate from rinse wastewater generated in the stainless steel manufacturing process by denitrification in a sequential batch reactor (SBR) was studied. Two different inocula from wastewater treatment plants were tested. The use of an inoculum previously acclimated to high nitrate concentrations led to complete denitrification in 6 h (denitrification rate: 22.8 mg NO3- -N / g VSS h), using methanol as carbon source for a COD/N ratio of 4 and for a content of calcium in the wastewater of 150 mg/L. Higher calcium concentrations led to a decrease in the biomass growth rate and in the denitrification rate. The optimum COD/N ratio was found to be 3.4, achieving 98% nitrate removal in 7 h at a maximum rate of 30.4 mg NO3- -N / g VSS h and very low residual COD in the effluent. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.