Determinants of household energy consumption in India
Improving access to affordable modern energy is critical to improving\nliving standards in the developing world. Rural households in India, in\nparticular, are almost entirely reliant on traditional biomass for their\nbasic cooking energy needs. This has adverse effects on their health and\nproductivity, and also causes environmental degradation. This study\npresents a new generic modelling approach, with a focus on cooking fuel\nchoices, and explores response strategies for energy poverty eradication\nin India. The modelling approach analyzes the determinants of fuel\nconsumption choices for heterogeneous household groups, incorporating\nthe effect of income distributions and traditionally more intangible\nfactors such as preferences and private discount rates. The methodology\nis used to develop alternate future scenarios that explore how different\npolicy mechanisms such as fuel subsidies and micro-financing can enhance\nthe diffusion of modern, more efficient, energy sources in India. (C)\n2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.