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Differentiating the effects of positive and negative social transactions in HIV illness.

by Ralph Swindle, Kenneth Heller, Michael Frank
Journal of community psychology ()


Examined the role of positive and negative social transactions in HIV illness as influenced by depressive symptoms and alcohol comorbidities. This model distinguishes between confidant and broader network transactions, and between overt criticism and undermining transactions. 121 HIV positive patients from 2 urban infectious disease clinics were surveyed to assess the quality of both the confidant relationship and the broader social network, depressive symptoms, alcohol abuse, and HIV health symptoms. In hierarchical regression analyses, criticism from the broader network was related to symptoms of alcohol abuse, whereas disappointment with transactions from the broader network were more often associated with depressive symptoms. Negative confidant relationships and negative network transactions were both associated with greater severity of HIV illness, and were predictive of subsequent emergency room utilization. This study illustrates the value of distinguishing both types of negative social transactions and their sources. It is concluded that future research should examine the significant roles that criticism and undermining negative social network transaction appear to play in HIV illness and its comorbid symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)

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