Digital pulse width modulator architectures
This paper presents a survey and classification of architectures for integrated circuit implementation of digital pulse-width modulators (DPWM) targeting digital control of high-frequency switching DC-DC power converters. Previously presented designs are identified as particular cases of the proposed classification. In order to optimize circuit resources in terms of occupied area and power consumption, a general architecture based on tapped delay lines is proposed, which includes segmentation of the input digital code to drive binary weighted delay cells and thermometer-decoded unary delay cells. Integrated circuit design of a particular example of the segmented DPWM is described. The segmented DPWM prototype chip operates at 1 MHz switching frequency and has low power consumption and very small silicon area (0.07 mm<sup>2</sup> in a standard 0.5 micron CMOS process). Experimental results validate the functionality of the proposed segmented DPWM.