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Naive Realism: Misplaced Faith in Realistic Displays

by H. S. Smallman, M. S. John
Ergonomics in Design: The Quarterly of Human Factors Applications ()

Abstract

How should display designers visualize geospatial environments for users engaged in tasks such as civil emergency operations or air traffic control? One visualization principles emphasizes striving toward realism, on the belief that relistic depictions results in near-effortless comprehension. We think this faith in realism is misplaced and term this misplaced faith naive realism. Naive realism stems from isconceptions taht scene perception is simple, accurate, and rich when it is actually remarkably complex, error-prone, and sparse. Naive realism results in the development of realistic displays that, though preferred and considered intuitive, give users flawed, imprecise representations that leads to poor performance.

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