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Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction

by TERRI A. SCANDURA, MELENIE J. LANKAU, Virginia E. Schein, Elizabeth H. Maurer, Jan F. Novak, Richard J. Boden, Jean B. McGuire, Joseph R. Liro, Michael White, Stephen Hill, Patrick McGovern, Colin Mills, Deborah Smeaton, Christopher Orpen, Robert K Yin, EDWARD M. SHEPARD III, THOMAS J. CLIFTON, DOUGLAS KRUSE, Giovanni Costa, Torbjorn Åkerstedt, Friedhelm Nachreiner, Federica Baltieri, José Carvalhais, Simon Folkard, Monique Frings Dresen, Charles Gadbois, Johannes Gartner, Hiltraud Grzech Sukalo, Mikko Härmä, Irja Kandolin, Samantha Sartori, Jorge Silvério, Thomas M Beers show all authors
Journal of Organizational Behavior ()


64 federal workers were randomly assigned to flexible or fixed working hours, and after 6 mo they completed the Index of Job Satisfaction. In addition, their supervisors rated their 6-mo performance on a 9-point scale. Results indicate that flexitime caused a significant increase in worker satisfaction but had negligible effects on performance, whether assessed by output or ratings. Research should aim at uncovering the reasons for the positive effect of flexitime. (6 ref)

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