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Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction.

by Terri A Scandura, Melenle J Lankau
Journal of Organizational Behavior ()

Abstract

The article studies the relationship between gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours and organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Organizational responses to work-family conflict is an increasing priority for management. Many organizations have introduced flexible work hour norms to improve motivation and morale of its employees so that they are able to better balance work and family. Results of this study of flexible work hours and employee attitudes among women and men indicate that family-responsive policies offered by employers may affect work-related attitudes of employees. Specifically, the existence of flexible work hour programs was shown to be significantly related to organizational commitment and job satisfaction of female managers. Female managers reported higher levels of organizational commitment and job satisfaction if they were working for an organization that they believed included flexible work hours in their psychological contract. The existence of a flexible work hours system did not have a differential impact on the attitudes of men. These results suggest that women may have a greater appreciation for the availability of family-responsive policies due to the often conflicting roles of manager, spouse and parent.

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