Sign up & Download
Sign in

Resource mobilization theory and the study of social movements

by JC Jenkins
Annual review of sociology ()
  • ISSN: 0360-0572

Abstract

Resource mobilization theory has recently presented an alternative interpreta- tion of social movements. The review traces the emergence and recent con- troversies generated by this new perspective. A multifactored model of social movement formation is advanced, emphasizing resources, organization, and political opportunities in addition to traditional discontent hypotheses. The McCarthy-Zald (1973) theory of entrepreneurial mobilization is critically assessed as an interpretation of the social movements of the 1960s-1970s, and the relevance of the Olson (1968) theory of collective action is specified. Group organization is argued to be the major determinant of mobilization potential and patterns. The debate between the Gerlach-Hine (1970) and entrepreneurial theories of social movement organization is traced in terms of historical changes in the social movement sector and the persistence of organizational diversity. A model of social movement politics is outlined, building on Gamson's (1975) theory of strategy and Tilly's (1978) polity theory by emphasizing political alliances and processes shaping success and failure. Piven & Cloward (1977) are correct that disruptiveness leads to success and that disruptions can be mobilized without formal organization; they are wrong in asserting that formal organization is necessarily incompatible with mobilization. The future development of resource mobilization theory lies in two directions: extending the polity theory to deal with different states and regimes, including the development of neo-corporatism, and providing a more sophisticated social psychology of mobilization.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

24 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
 
 
 
by Academic Status
 
58% Ph.D. Student
 
13% Student (Master)
 
13% Student (Postgraduate)
by Country
 
8% United States
 
4% United Kingdom
 
4% Belgium

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Already have an account? Sign in