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A study of the phase transition behavior of internally mixed ammonium sulfate - malonic acid aerosols

by C. F. Braban, J. P. D. Abbatt
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ()

Abstract

This is a study into the phase transitions of aerosol composed of the ternary system ammonium sulfate (AS) malonic acid (MA) water using infrared extinction spec- troscopy. Twelve compositions were studied in both deli- quescence and efflorescence mode experiments. The pres- ence of a MA fraction, by dry mass, (fMA) of 0.1 in an AS aerosol altered the relative humidity at which the phase tran- sitions occur in an atmospherically significant manner. For compositions with 0.25<fMA<0.90, no distinct deliques- cence was observed, contrary to the observed behavior in the binary systems. The crystallization of both the MA and AS components is suppressed by the presence of the other component in the aerosol. At fMA=0.9, the crystallization relative humidity of MA was lowered from RH=6% to less than 1%. Similarly, at fMA=0.4, the AS component did not crystallize. The atmospheric implications of the results are discussed.

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