Validity of personnel decisions: A conceptual analysis of the inferential and evidential bases.
Issues common to both the process of building psychological theories and validating personnel deci- sions are examined. Inferences linking psychological constructs and operational measures of con- structs are organized into a conceptual framework, and validation is characterized as the process of accumulating various forms of judgmental and empirical evidence to support these inferences. The traditional concepts of construct-, content-, and criterion-related validity are unified within this framework. This unified view of validity is then contrasted with more conventional views (e.g., Uni- form Guidelines, 1978), and misconceptions about the validation of employment tests are exam- ined. Next, the process of validating predictor constructs is extended to delineate the critical infer- ences unique to validating performance criteria. Finally, an agenda for programmatic personnel selection research is described, emphasizing a shift in the behavioral scientist's role in the personnel selection process.