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Atmospheric Sciences

In this subdiscipline: 20,389 papers

Discipline summary

Atmospheric science is the study of the physical and chemical properties of the atmospheres of Earth and other planets. It includes meteorology (the study of atmospheric physics, atmospheric dynamics and atmospheric chemistry with a focus on weather forecasting), climatology (the study of atmospheric changes with time), and aeronomy (the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere). Like other Earth science fields, atmospheric science is highly multidisciplinary, drawing on expertise in topics ranging from fluid mechanics to chemical kinetics. Atmospheric science research relies on wide networks of routinely collected atmospheric data, focused field studies, laboratory experimentation, satellite observations and advanced computer modelling.

Popular papers

  1. The NCEP and NCAR are cooperating in a project (denoted "reanalysis") to produce a 40-year record of global analyses of atmospheric fields in support of the needs of the research and climate monitoring communities. This effort involves the recovery…
  2. ERA-Interim is the latest global atmospheric reanalysis produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The ERA-Interim project was conducted in part to prepare for a new atmospheric reanalysis to replace ERA-40, which…
  3. Aerosols affect the climate system by changing cloud characteristics in many ways. They act as cloud condensation and ice nuclei, they may inhibit freezing and they could have an influence on the hydrological cycle. While the cloud albedo…
  4. Radiative forcing (RF) is a concept used for quantitative comparisons of the strength of different human and natural agents in causing climate change. Climate model studies since the Working Group I Third Assessment Report (TAR; IPCC, 2001) give…
  5. The fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) will produce a state-of-the- art multimodel dataset designed to advance our knowledge of climate variability and climate change. Researchers worldwide are analyzing the model…
  6. Aerosols serve as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and thus have a substantial effect on cloud properties and the initiation of precipitation. Large concentrations of human-made aerosols have been reported to both decrease and increase rainfall as a…
  7. Advances in the science and observation of climate change are providing a clearer understanding of the inherent variability of Earth's climate system and its likely response to human and natural influences. The implications of climate change for the…
  8. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Re- search (NCAR) have cooperated in a project (denoted “reanalysis”) to produce a retroactive record of more than 50 years of global analyses of…
  9. In the past, studies of stratosphere-troposphere exchange of mass and chemical species have mainly emphasized the synoptic- and small-scale mechanisms of exchange. This review, however, includes also the global-scale aspects of exchange, such as the…
  10. Abstract An update is provided on the Earth's global annual mean energy budget in the light of new observations and analyses. In 1997, Kiehl and Trenberth provided a review of past estimates and performed a number of radiative computations to better…
  11. Organic aerosol (OA) particles affect climate forcing and human health, but their sources and evolution remain poorly characterized. We present a unifying model framework describing the atmospheric evolution of OA that is constrained by…
  12. Abstract The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) was completed for the 31-yr period from 1979 to 2009, in January 2010. The CFSR was designed and executed as a global, high-resolution coupled atmosphere–ocean–land surface–sea ice system…
  13. Stratospheric water vapor concentrations decreased by about 10% after the year 2000. Here we show that this acted to slow the rate of increase in global surface temperature over 2000-2009 by about 25% compared to that which would have occurred due…

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