Sign up & Download
Sign in

Orthopedics

In this subdiscipline: 28,202 papers

Discipline summary

Orthopedics is the branch of medicine dealing with bone and joint disorders. Fractures, deformities, congenital limb anomalies, neurological diseases, limb reconstruction and almost all that can go wrong with the human musculoskeletal system falls within its purview. Recent decades have witnessed major advances in both Orthopedic science and surgical technique.

Popular papers

  1. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a high prevalence of symptomatic malunion and nonunion after nonoperative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. We sought to compare patient-oriented outcome and complication rates following…
  2. In a retrospective study of thirty-one ankles in twenty-nine patients with osteochondral lesions, we found that lateral lesions were associated with inversion or inversion-dorsiflexion trauma, were morphologically shallow, and were more likely to…
  3. Recurrent patellar instability can result from osseous abnormalities, such as patella alta, a distance of >20 mm between the tibial tubercle and the trochlear groove, and trochlear dysplasia, or it can result from soft-tissue abnormalities, such as…
  4. Periprosthetic infections are rare, but there is evidence to suggest that their frequency may be underestimated. No single laboratory test has perfect sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing infection. Most tests have better specificity when they…
  5. Ankle syndesmotic injury does not necessarily lead to ankle instability; however, the coexistence of deltoid ligament injury critically destabilizes the ankle joint. Syndesmotic injury may occur in isolation or may be associated with ankle fracture.…
  6. Surgical dislocation of the hip is rarely undertaken. The potential danger to the vascularity of the femoral head has been emphasised, but there is little information as to how this danger can be avoided. We describe a technique for operative…
  7. Fractures of the scaphoid must be treated promptly to minimize the risk of malunion and nonunion. Although most scaphoid fractures have been reported to heal well with cast immobilization, advances in surgical techniques have greatly changed the…
  8. Scaphoid nonunions can exist with or without avascular necrosis of the proximal pole, and waist fractures may have an associated humpback deformity. CT best shows the deformity and bone loss, whereas MRI will show avascular necrosis. Operative…
  9. BACKGROUND: The results of elbow dislocations with associated radial head and coronoid fractures are often poor because of recurrent instability and stiffness from prolonged immobilization. We managed these injuries with a standard surgical…
  10. Undisplaced fractures of both the diaphysis and the lateral end of the clavicle have a high rate of union, and the functional outcomes are good after nonoperative treatment. Nonoperative treatment of displaced shaft fractures may be associated with…
  11. Suprascapular neuropathy has often been overlooked as a source of shoulder pain. The condition may be more common than once thought as it is being diagnosed more frequently. Etiologies for suprascapular neuropathy may include repetitive overhead…
  12. This article attempts to outline the most current relevant literature regarding diagnosis, pathoanatomy, and treatment options for complex elbow instability. Specific attention is directed toward unique injury patterns, important biomechanical…
  13. The intramedullary nail or rod is commonly used for long-bone fracture fixation and has become the standard treatment of most long-bone diaphyseal and selected metaphyseal fractures. To best understand use of the intramedullary nail, a general…
  14. Ipsilateral scapular neck and clavicular shaft fractures comprise the so-called "floating shoulder". This rare injury, which is, in general, caused by a high-energy trauma, is perceived to be an unstable injury with the considerable risk of…
  15. Purpose: Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) has become an accepted treatment option for patients undergoing meniscectomy with recalcitrant pain in the corresponding compartment. Whether MAT can oppose cartilage degeneration is unclear. Our…
  16. Mallet finger involves loss of continuity of the extensor tendon over the distal interphalangeal joint. This common hand injury results in a flexion deformity of the distal finger joint and may lead to an imbalance between flexion and extension…
  17. High tibial osteotomy is effective for managing a variety of knee conditions, including gonarthrosis with varus or valgus malalignment, osteochondritis dissecans, osteonecrosis, posterolateral instability, and chondral resurfacing. The fundamental…

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Already have an account? Sign in