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Epistemology

In this subdiscipline: 1,119 papers
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  1. Modern empiricism has been conditioned in large part by two dogmas. One is a belief in some fundamental cleavage between truths which are analytic, or grounded in meanings independently of matters of fact, and truth which are synthetic, or grounded…
  2. Many philosophers believe that there is a fundamental distinction between knowing that something is the case and knowing how to do something. According to Gilbert Ryle, to whom the insight is credited, knowledge-how is an ability, which is in turn a…
  3. This text collects all AustinÄôs published articles plus a new one, ch. 13, hitherto unpublished. The analysis of the ordinary language to clarify philosophical questions is the common element of the 13 papers. Chapters 2 and 4 discuss the nature of…
  4. This book, one of the first full-length studies of the modalities to emerge from the debate to which Saul Kripke, David Lewis, Ruth Marcus, and others are contributing, is an exploration and defense of the notion of modality de re, the idea that…
  5. Section 1 articulates a genus-species claim: that knowledge is a kind of success from ability. Equivalently: In cases of knowledge, S\textquoteright{}s success in believing the truth is attributable to S\textquoteright{}s ability. That idea is then…
  6. Abstract The word ‘probability’ in ordinary language has two different senses, here called inductive and physical probability. This paper examines the concept of inductive probability. Attempts to express this concept in other words are shown to be…
  7. Consciousness is what makes the mind-body problem really intractable. Perhaps that is why current discussions of the problem give it little attention or get it obviously wrong. The recent wave of reductionist euphoria has produced several analyses…
  8. 'Naming and Necessity' has had a great and increasing influence. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of naming, and of identity. This…
  9. It is undeniable that the physical, chemical and biological sciences have provided a great deal of information about the world we live in and about ourselves. I will use the label'physical information'for this kind of information, and also for…
  10. Machine generated contents note: Essay 1. Actions, Reasons, and Causes (1963) - Essay 2. How is Weakness of the Will Possible? (1969) - Essay 3. Agency (1971) - Essay 4. Freedom to Act (1973) - Essay 5. Intending (1978) Event and Cause - Essay 6.…
  11. We investigated the pharmacokinetics and safety in a single administration of oral and inhaled procaterol hydrochloride to 6 Japanese healthy volunteers. The drug in 2 formulations were given to 2 groups by crossover design in oral doses of 50 and…
  12. Here, in a new edition, is Nelson Goodman's provocative philosophical classic—a book that, according to Science, "raised a storm of controversy" when it was first published in 1954, and one that remains on the front lines of philosophical debate.…
  13. Written by a distinguished roster of philosophers, this volume includes chapters on truth and meaning; the philosophy of action; radical interpretation; philosophical psychology; knowledge of the external world; other minds and our own minds; and…
  14. With his customary incisiveness, W. V. Quine presents logic as the product of two factors, truth and grammar-but argues against the doctrine that the logical truths are true because of grammar or language. Rather, in presenting a general theory of…

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