We show that the large $N$ limit of certain conformal field theories in various dimensions include in their Hilbert space a sector describing supergravity on the product of AntideSitter spacetimes, spheres and other compact manifolds. This is shown…
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Twocomponent spinors are the basic ingredients for describing fermions in quantum field theory in . 3+1 spacetime dimensions. We develop and review the techniques of the twocomponent spinor formalism and provide a complete set of Feynman rules for…

We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this…

In this review article, we discuss the current status of particle dark matter, including experimental evidence and theoretical motivations. We discuss a wide array of candidates for particle dark matter, but focus on neutralinos in models of…

The results gathered here on simple Lie algebras have been selected with attention to the needs of unified model builders who study YangMills theories based on simple, localsymmetry groups that contain as a subgroup the SUw2 × Uw1 × SUc3 symmetry…

Following Verlinde's recent work on the origin of gravity and the laws of Newton, we consider further the origin of the starting point of Verlinde's work and Unruh effect. Simple derivations are given for this starting point and Unruh effect with…

We present an update of the results presented in 1, using 3.1 pb1. In this update the analysis underwent only minor modifications due to changes in the trigger. No resonances were found in the updated sample. We improved the limits set on the…

In these lecture notes, an introduction to superstring theory is presented. Classical strings, covariant and lightcone quantization, supersymmetric strings, anomaly cancelation, compactification, Tduality, supersymmetry breaking, and threshold…

In the classical theory black holes can only absorb and not emit particles. However it is shown that quantum mechanical effects cause black holes to create and emit particles as if they were hot bodies with temperature…

Advances in mathematics and physics have often occurred together. The development of Newton’s theory of mechanics and the simultaneous development of the techniques of calculus constitute a classic example of this phenomenon. However, as mathematics…

These lectures consisted of an elementary introduction to conformal field theory, with some applications to statistical mechanical systems, and fewer to string theory. Contents: 1. Conformal theories in d dimensions 2. Conformal theories in 2…

Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large $N$ limits of certain conformal field theories in $d$ dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of $d+1$dimensional $AdS$ space with a compact…

Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large $N$ limits of certain conformal field theories in $d$ dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of $d+1$dimensional $AdS$ space with a compact…

We give a short introduction to N = 1 supersymmetry and supergravity and review the attempts to construct models in which the breakdown scale of the weak interactions is related to supersymmetry breaking.

Choosing good problems is essential for being a good scientist. But what is a good problem, and how do you choose one? The subject is not usually discussed explicitly within our profession. Scientists are expected to be smart enough to figure it out…

The mammalian circadian regulatory proteins PER1 and PER2 undergo a daily cycle of accumulation followed by phosphorylation and degradation. Although phosphorylationregulated proteolysis of these inhibitors is postulated to be essential for the…

· A Preview of Particle Physics· Symmetries and Quarks· Antiparticles· Electrodynamics of Spinless Particles· The Dirac Equation· Electrodynamics of Spin1/2 Particles· Loops, Renormalization, Running Coupling Constants, and All That· The Structure…

These lectures are an introduction to gauge/gravity duality, presented at TASI 2010. The first three sections present the basics, focusing on $AdS_5 \times S^5$. The last section surveys a variety of ways to generate duals of reduced symmetry.

We aim to establish the holographic principle as a universal law, rather than a property only of static systems and special spacetimes. Our covariant formalism yields an upper bound on entropy which applies to both open and closed surfaces,…

Results are presented from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in protonproton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 and 8 TeV in the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the LHC, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1…
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