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Library and Information Science

In this subdiscipline: 40,021 papers

Discipline summary

Library and Information Science began as the organization and care of physical objects, originally scrolls and vellum latterly books and journals. Libraries acted as repositories of knowledge and centers of scholarship from earliest times. More recently Library and Information Science has been transformed by changes in information technology and the development of “born digital” information.

Professionals working in this area have specialized in different aspects of work. The organization and curation of digital information, including managing repositories, digitizing printed materials and enhancing search and retrieval. Other professionals focus user facing services such as enhancing user skills through teaching information literacy and information skills. Librarians and Information Scientists also specialize in subject domains and in the types of organization in which they work, Public Libraries, Health Libraries, Libraries in Education and in Commercial and Special Libraries. Librarians and Information Scientists would draw a distinction between focusing on theoretical underpinnings of managing and organizing information and data (Information Science) and the management and delivery of Library Services (Librarianship).

As the physical content of Libraries shrinks, current debate centers on the use made of space to create new services for users. Broadly, the profession is moving from an emphasis on management of stock and facilities to a focus on supporting and educating users and enhancing the delivery of services.

Popular papers

  1. Three meanings of "information" are distinguished:\n\n"Information-as-proces"; \n"information-as-knowledge"; and \n"information-as-thing", \n\nthe attributive use of "information" to denote things regarded as informative. The nature and…
  2. Academic libraries have long enjoyed their status as the heart of the university. However, in recent decades, higher education environments have changed. Government officials see higher education as a national resource. Employers view higher…
  3. The major advantages of urine-based assays are their noninvasive character and ability to monitor prostate cancer with heterogeneous foci. Almost all urine-detectable prostate-specific markers have been recently reviewed. For this reason, we focus…
  4. Understanding Metadata is a revision and expansion of Metadata Made Simpler: A guide for libraries published by NISO Press in 2001. NISO, a non-profit association accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), identifies, develops,…

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