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Papers in this group

  1. When subjects lie motionless inside scanners without any particular task to perform, their brains show stereotyped patterns of activity across regions known as resting state networks. Each network consists of areas with a common function, such as…
  2. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between physical activity and cognitive functioning in middle age. METHODS: Data were derived from a prospective occupational cohort study of 10308 civil servants aged 35-55 years at baseline (phase 1;…
  3. The present study focused on the hypothesis that dietary supplementation with medium-chain TAG (MCT) will improve cognitive function in aged dogs by providing the brain with energy in the form of ketones. Aged Beagle dogs were subjected to a…
  4. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of administering two different candidate antifatigue substances, caffeine and D-ribose, on mental fatigue. METHODS: In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, three-way crossover design, 17 healthy volunteers were…
  5. Abstract Activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been linked to the processes of error detection and conflict monitoring, along with the subsequent engagement of cognitive-control mechanisms. The error-related negativity (ERN) is an…
  6. BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to use path analysis to test a theoretical model proposing that the relationship between self-reported depressed mood and choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) is mediated by psychoactive medication use,…
  7. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise on cognition and other biomarkers associated with Alzheimer disease pathology for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, and assess the role of sex as a predictor of response. DESIGN:…
  8. Age-related impairment in gait patterns when simultaneously performing cognitive (CI) and/or motor (MI) interference tasks are associated with an increased risk of falling in seniors. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of…
  9. While it is well established that exercise can improve cognitive performance, it is unclear how long these benefits endure after exercise has ended. Accordingly, the effects of voluntary exercise on cognitive function and brain-derived neurotrophic…
  10. OBJECTIVES: To determine relationships between physical fitness and academic achievement in diverse, urban public school children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used public school data from 2004 to 2005. Academic achievement was assessed as a…