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Papers in Environmental

Environmental papers in Medicine, A

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Papers 1 - 20 of 344 in Environmental, A
  1. BACKGROUND: We previously documented significant decreases in chlorpyrifos concentrations in maternal personal and indoor air samples among pregnant African-American and Dominican women from New York City after the 2000-2001 restrictions on its…
  2. Bias in questionnaires is an important issue in public health research. To collect the most accurate data from respondents, investigators must understand and be able to prevent or at least minimize bias in the design of their questionnaires. This…
  3. Pest infestation is a major problem in urban, low-income housing and may contribute to elevated asthma prevalence and exacerbation rates in such communities. However, there is poor understanding of the effectiveness of integrated pest management…
  4. Accurate assessment is required to assess current and changing physical activity levels, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions designed to increase activity levels. This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine the…
  5. Trilostane is a recognized treatment for canine pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH); however, its efficacy in dogs with adrenal-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (ADH) is unknown.
  6. Objective: Several different indices of prenatal care have been used in birth outcome models to analyze the relationship between the adequacy of prenatal care and low birthweight, preterm birth, and infant mortality. This investigation compared the…
  7. BACKGROUND: We previously reported an association between infant wheezing and residence < 100 m from stop-and-go bus and truck traffic. The use of a proximity model, however, may lead to exposure misclassification. OBJECTIVE: Results obtained from a…
  8. A rapid, instrument-free, hygiene monitoring system, based on protein detection, was assessed as a means to evaluate the cleanliness of food contact surfaces within four different food processing environments. Its performance was compared to that of…
  9. Background: We sought to characterize and quantify bacteria of medical interest on commonly touched household surfaces and to evaluate predictors such as employment, day care attendance, and presence of infants and pets. Methods: A convenience…
  10. Tree cover is a fundamental structural characteristic and driver of ecosystem processes in terrestrial ecosystems, and trees are a major global carbon (C) sink. Fire and herbivores have been hypothesized to play dominant roles in regulating trees in…
  11. Norovirus (NoV) is the major etiological agent causing foodborne and waterborne outbreaks worldwide. We developed a novel duplex real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay designed for the simultaneous detection of and discrimination between NoV genogroups…
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