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Papers in Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia papers in Psychology, A

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Papers 1 - 20 of 513 in Schizophrenia, A
  1. Altruistic acts have been defined, in economic terms, as "...costly acts that confer economic benefits on other individuals" (Fehr and Fischbacher, 2003). In multi-player, one-shot prisoner's dilemma games, a significant number of players behave…
  2. In many regions of the brain, including the mammalian cortex, the magnitude and direction of activity-dependent changes in synaptic strength depend on the frequency of presynaptic stimulation (synaptic plasticity), as well as the history of activity…
  3. O objetivo do presente artigo é apresentar a Classificação Internacional de Funcionalida- de, Incapacidade e Saúde (CIF), que faz par- te da “família” de classificações desenvolvi- da pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). São apresentados o…
  4. A cognição social é o processo que orienta condutas frente a outros indivíduos da mesma espécie. Várias estruturas cerebrais têm um papel chave para controlar as condutas sociais: o córtex pré-frontal ventromedial, a amígdala, o córtex…
  5. We will review converging evidence that language related symptoms of the schizophrenic syndrome such as auditory verbal hallucinations arise at least in part from processing abnormalities in posterior language regions. These language regions are…
  6. The evolutionarily highly conserved neuropeptide oxytocin is a key mediator of social and emotional behavior in mammals, including humans. A common variant (rs53576) in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) has been implicated in social-behavioral…
  7. Background Selective mutism (SM), considered an early-onset variant of social anxiety disorder, shares features of impaired social interaction and communication with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) suggesting a possible shared pathophysiology. We…
  8. We compared basic and social cognition in individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. 199 individuals with schizophrenia and 73 with schizoaffective disorder were compared on measures of executive function, verbal and nonverbal…
  9. We compared the effects of three treatment approaches on preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorders. Twenty-nine children received intensive behavior analytic intervention (IBT; 1:1 adult:child ratio, 25-40 h per week). A comparison group…
  10. This study tested the hypothesis that metacognitions are a general vulnerability factor for psychological disorder. It was predicted that patients with psychosis (hallucinations or delusions), and patients with panic disorder would score higher than…
  11. Adults with any DSM-IV diagnosed mental illness smoke nearly half of the cigarettes consumed in the U.S. (Lasser et al. 2000). This study compared two smoking cessation interventions for persons with schizophrenia or other serious mental illness…
  12. Compared major factors from 3 models of personality: H. J. Eysenck's Three Factor model, P. T. Costa and R. R. McCrae's (see record 1992-39186-001) version of the Big Five, and M. Zuckerman and D. M. Kuhlman's Alternative Five. The 1st study…
  13. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) procedures are being widely applied in therapeutic and investigative studies. Numerous studies have investigated the effects of rTMS on cortical excitability and inhibition, yielding somewhat…
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