40 Case histories of induced and triggered seismicity
- ISBN: 0124406521
The study of anthropogenic seismicity began when earthquakes were first felt in Johannesburg in 1894 (McDonald, 1982); by 1908 these events had been attributed to the Witwatersrand gold production, which had commenced in 1886 (Cook et ai, 1965). Mine seismicity began to be recognized in Europe in about the same era. The first seismological observatory for monitoring these phenomena was established in Bochum in the Ruhr coal basin, Germany, in 1908 and the first seismic network was installed in the Upper Silesia coal basin, Poland, in the late 1920s (Gibowicz and Kijko, 1994).