Adapting the Jalowiec Coping Scale in Norwegian adult psoriasis patients.
The aim of the present study was to adapt the Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) to accommodate adult patients with psoriasis. The sample comprised 334 patients who were treated consecutively at three dermatology departments in the eastern Norway. A total number of 273 hospitalised patients (20%) and out-patients (80%) completed the questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 82%. The study assessed the reliability and the face, content and construct validity of the Norwegian version of the JCS. In addition, researchers investigated the most frequently used/effective coping strategies, the relationships between demographic/clinical variables, self-reported physical symptoms and the use of coping strategies. The results (correlational coefficients and interitem alpha s) indicated that there was an overlap in substantive content among the original JCS subscales, due either to measurement error (bias or response style) and/or because the patients in the present study were in a demanding situation in relation to their disease, which may have activated a variety of coping strategies. A factor analysis resulted in a three-factor solution (confrontive problem-solving, normalising/optimistic and combined emotive) with satisfactory internal consistency. This factor solution comprised 31 items with an explained variance of 37% of the total pool of items. The most frequently used and effective coping strategies could be labelled as emotion-focused (optimistic/maintain control). Significant correlations were found between age, hospital setting, self-reported physical symptoms and different coping subscales. However, further studies are needed to assess the validity and reliability of the JCS among different population groups in Norway.