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Aggregation-enhanced fluorescence in PEGylated phospholipid nanomicelles for in vivo imaging

by Dan Wang, Jun Qian, Sailing He, Jin Sun Park, Kwang Sup Lee, Sihai Han, Ying Mu
Biomaterials ()

Abstract

We report polymeric nanomicelles doped with organic fluorophores (StCN, (Z)-2,3-bis[4-(N-4-(diphenylamino)styryl)phenyl]-acrylonitrile), which have the property of aggregation-enhanced fluorescence. The fluorescent nanomicelles have two unique features: (1) They give much brighter fluorescence emission than mono-fluorophores. (2) The nanomicelles with amphiphilic copolymers [e.g., phospholipids-PEG (polyethylene glycol)] make the encapsulated fluorophores more stable in various bio-environments and easy for further conjugation with bio-molecules. After chemical and optical characterization, these fluorescent nanomicelles are utilized as efficient optical probes for in vivo sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping of mice. The StCN-encapsulated nanomicelles, as well as their bioconjugates with arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides, are used to target subcutaneously xenografted tumors in mice, and in vivo fluorescence images demonstrate the potential to use PEGylated phospholipid nanomicelles with aggregation-enhanced fluorescence as bright nanoprobes for in vivo diagnosis of tumors. ?? 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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