The aroQ-encoded monofunctional chorismate mutase (CM-F) protein is a periplasmic enzyme in Erwinia herbicola.
- PubMed: 8335631
Enteric bacteria possess two species of chorismate mutase which exist as catalytic domains on the amino termini of the bifunctional PheA and TyrA proteins. In addition, some of these organisms possess a third chorismate mutase, CM-F, which exists as a small monofunctional protein. The CM-F gene (denoted aroQ) from Erwinia herbicola was cloned and sequenced for the first time. A strategy for selection by functional complementation in a chorismate mutase-free Escherichia coli background was devised by using a recombinant plasmid derivative of pUC18 carrying a Zymomonas mobilis tyrC insert which encodes cyclohexadienyl dehydrogenase. The aroQ gene is 543 bp in length, predicting a 181-residue protein product having a calculated molecular mass of 20,299 Da. The E. herbicola aroQ promoter is recognized by E. coli, and a putative sigma-70 promoter region was identified. N-terminal amino acid sequencing of the purified CM-F protein indicated cleavage of a 20-residue signal peptide. This was consistent with the monomeric molecular mass determined for the enzyme of about 18,000 Da. The native enzyme is a homodimer. The implied translocation of CM-F was confirmed by osmotic shock experiments which demonstrated a periplasmic location. Immunogold electron microscopy indicated a polar localization within the periplasm. Polyclonal antibody raised against E. herbicola CM-F did not cross-react with the CM-F protein from the closely related Serratia rubidaea, as well as from a number of other gram-negative bacteria. Furthermore, when the E. herbicola aroQ gene was used as a probe in Southern blot hybridizations with EcroRI digests of chromosomal DNA from S. rubidaea and other enteric organisms, no hybridization was detected at low stringency. Thus, the aroQ gene appears to be unusually divergent among closely related organisms. The deduced CM-F amino acid sequence did not exhibit compelling evidence for homology with the monofunctional chorismate mutase protein of Bacillus subtilis.