B4, a human B lymphocyte-associated antigen expressed on normal, mitogen-activated, and malignant B lymphocytes.
- PubMed: 6408173
The characterization of a new B cell-specific antigen (B4) is described in this report. With the use of a monoclonal antibody to B4, it was shown that B4 is present on B cells isolated from peripheral blood and lymphoid organs, on cell lines derived from normal and malignant B cells, and on tumor cells isolated from patients with B cell-derived neoplasms. B4, in contrast, was not detected on normal, activated, or malignant cells of T or myeloid origin. The B4 antigen is distinct from known B cell antigens, including sIg, Ia, B1, B2, Fc, and C3. Examination of mitogen-stimulated B lymphocytes suggests that the B4 antigen initially increases with B cell activation and then is lost at the terminal stage of B cell differentiation. Moreover, the observation that B4 is expressed on almost all early B cell tumors suggests that it may precede B1, CALLA, cytoplasmic mu, and B2 in early B cell ontogeny.