Determination of right ventricular function by transesophageal echocardiography: impact of proximal right coronary artery stenosis.
- PubMed: 15110371
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can provide accurate information on right ventricular (RV) function in patients with right coronary artery (RCA) stenosis, given that a decrease in blood supply from the RCA may invalidate the use of single 2-D echocardiography imaging plane as a guide to RV function. DESIGN: Prospective, nonblinded study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 30 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac or vascular procedures. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were classified into two groups according to the presence or absence of the proximal RCA (segment 1 or 2) stenosis. Group A patients had no obstructive lesions in the proximal RCA (n = 15). Group B patients had 75% or greater obstructive lesions in the proximal RCA (n = 15). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: After induction of anesthesia, RV function was evaluated by both fast-response thermodilution pulmonary artery catheter and TEE. Transesophageal echocardiography-derived RV fractional area change (FAC) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ratio (TAPSE ratio) were compared with thermodilution-derived RV ejection fraction (EF) using linear regression analysis. Transesophageal echocardiography-derived RV end-diastolic area (EDA) was compared with thermodilution-derived end-diastolic volume (EDV). Both methods showed a good correlation in RV, EDV, and EF in Group A, but no correlations in Group B. CONCLUSIONS: Transesophageal echocardiography does not provide reliable information on RVEF and EDV when proximal RCA stenosis is present.