Mechanisms underlying episodic gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion
The episodic secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is crucial for fertility, but the cellular mechanisms and network properties generating GnRH pulses are not well understood. We will explore three primary aspects of this intermittent hormonal signal: the source of rhythm(s), the possible mechanisms comprising oscillator(s), and how GnRH neurons are synchronized to produce a pulse of hormone release into the pituitary portal blood. Current knowledge will be reviewed, and hypotheses and working models proposed for future studies. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.