Microbiological investigations of high-temperature horizons of the Kongdian petroleum reservoir in connection with field trial of a biotechnology for enhancement of oil recovery
- PubMed: 17633408
The physicochemical conditions and microbiological characteristics of the formation waters of the Kongdian bed of the Dagang oil field (China) were studied. It was demonstrated that this bed is a high-temperature ecosystem with formation waters characterized by low mineralization. The concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds, as well as of electron acceptors, are low. Oil and oil gas are the main organic matter sources. The bed is exploited with water-flooding. The oil stratum was inhabited mostly by anaerobic thermophilic microorganisms, including fermentative (10(2)-10(5) cells/ml), sulfate-reducing (0-10(2) cells/ml), and methanogenic (0-10(3) cells/ml) microorganisms. Aerobic bacteria were detected mainly in the near-bottom zone of injection wells. The rate of sulfate reduction varied from 0.002 to 18.940 microg S(2-) l(-1) day(-1) and the rate of methanogenesis from 0.012 to 16.235 microg CH4 l(-1) day(-1). Microorganisms with great biotechnological potential inhabited the bed. Aerobic thermophilic bacteria were capable of oxidizing oil with the formation of biomass, the products of partial oxidation of oil (volatile acids), and surfactants. During growth on the culture liquid of oiloxidizing bacteria, methanogenic communities produced methane and carbon dioxide, which also had oil-releasing capabilities. Using various labeled tracers, the primary filtration flows of injected solutions at the testing site were studied. Our comprehensive investigations allowed us to conclude that the tested method for microbial enhancement of oil recovery based on the activation of the stratal microflora can be applied in the Kongdian bed horizons.