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The multi-seasonal NOy budget in coastal Antarctica and its link with surface snow and ice core nitrate: results from the CHABLIS campaign

by A. E. Jones, E. W. Wolff, D. Ames, S. J.-B. Bauguitte, K. C. Clemitshaw, Z. Fleming, G. P. Mills, A. Saiz-Lopez, R. A. Salmon, W. T. Sturges, D. R. Worton show all authors
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Abstract

Measurements of a suite of individual NO(y) components were carried out at Halley station in coastal Antarctica as part of the CHABLIS campaign (Chemistry of the Antarctic Boundary Layer and the Interface with Snow). Conincident measurements cover over half a year, from austral winter 2004 through to austral summer 2005. Results show clear dominance of organic NO(y) compounds (PAN and MeONO(2)) during the winter months, with low concentrations of inorganic NO(y). During summer, concentrations of inorganic NO(y) compounds are considerably greater, while those of organic compounds, although lower than in winter, are nonetheless significant. The relative concentrations of the alkyl nitrates, as well as their seasonality, are consistent with an oceanic source. Multi-seasonal measurements of surface snow nitrate correlate strongly with inorganic NO(y) species (especially HNO(3)) rather than organic. One case study in August suggested that, on that occasion, particulate nitrate was the dominant source of nitrate to the snowpack, but this was not the consistent picture throughout the measurement period. An analysis of NO(x) production rates showed that emissions of NO(x) from the snowpack overwhelmingly dominate over gas-phase sources. This result suggests that, for certain periods in the past, the flux of NO(x) into the Antarctic boundary layer can be calculated from ice core nitrate data.

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