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NOTES ON THEORETICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND GENEALOGY AS FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY Lolita Nikolova ( Salt Lake City , Utah , USA )

by Theoretical Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology ()

Abstract

It was Margaret Mead who defined anthropology as humanity and science, in particular a social science although never only a social science, because in anthropology man, as part of the natural world, as a biological creature, is not separated from man as a consumer or producer, member of a group, or possessor of certain psychological faculties (1972:3). One of the most effective and recognized feminist anthropologist concludes: Anthropology is art. The research skills which go into good field work are as complex as the skills of the musician or a surgeon; a disciplined awareness of self is as essential (1972:3). To this classical synthesis of anthropology we can add the opin- ion of S. Fax who looked at anthropology as the most world-wide of sciences uniting scholars of mankind wherever they are (1972: 61), as well as and the graduate increase value of the function of anthro- pology in education and in our everyday life in the post-modern world. In other words, anthropology is one of the global sciences in our glo- balizing social environment offering holistic perspective and a long- term commitment to understanding the human species in all its variet- ies (Haviland et al. 2005: 24) and to practice humanities.

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