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Assessing the relationship between socioeconomic conditions and urban environmental quality in Accra, Ghana

by Julius Fobil, Juergen May, Alexander Kraemer
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ()
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Abstract

The influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on health inequalities is widely known, but there is still poor understanding of the precise relationship between area-based socioeconomic conditions and neighborhood environmental quality. This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic conditions which predict urban neighbourhood environmental quality. The results showed wide variation in levels of association between the socioeconomic variables and environmental conditions, with strong evidence of a real difference in environmental quality across the five socioeconomic classes with respect to total waste generation (p < 0.001), waste collection rate (p < 0.001), sewer disposal rate (p < 0.001), non-sewer disposal (p < 0.003), the proportion of households using public toilets (p = 0.005). Socioeconomic conditions are therefore important drivers of change in environmental quality and urban environmental interventions aimed at infectious disease prevention and control if they should be effective could benefit from simultaneous implementation with other social interventions.

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Readership Statistics

29 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
 
24% Environmental Science
 
21% Medicine and Dentistry
 
17% Social Sciences
by Academic Status
 
45% Student > Ph. D. Student
 
17% Student > Master
 
14% Student > Bachelor
by Country
 
3% Nigeria
 
3% Ghana
 
3% United Kingdom

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