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Downsizing effects on survivors: Layoffs, offshoring, and outsourcing

by Carl P. Maertz, Jack W. Wiley, Cynthia Lerouge, Michael A. Campion
Industrial Relations ()
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In a representative sample of 13,683 U.S. employees, we compared survivors of layoffs, offshoring, outsourcing, and their combinations to a group who experienced no downsizing. Survivors of layoffs perceived lower organizational performance, job security, affective attachment, calculative attachment, and had higher turnover intentions. Offshoring survivors perceived lower performance, fairness, and affective attachment, but outsourcing survivors generally did not have more negative outcomes than the no-downsizing group. Layoffs generally had more negative outcomes than other downsizing forms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

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