Skip to content

Four Emerging Perspectives of Employee Engagement: An Integrative Literature Review

by B. Shuck
Human Resource Development Review ()
Get full text at journal


The concept of employee engagement has garnered attention in both practitioner and academic communities and several approaches for understanding engagement have developed. Whereas many authors have taken their own approach to understanding employee engagement, others have offered reinterpretations of the concept wrapped in well-researched and documented organizational variables. Fortunately, distinct streams of literature have emerged but are widely disparate, surfacing intermittently in the fields of psychology, sociology, management, human resource development (HRD), human resource management, and health care. This lack of continuity is a significant hurdle for HRD professionals being called on to develop innovative solutions to the absence of engagement inside organizations. The purpose of this integrative literature review was to synthesize the current state of scholarly research on employee engagement. As a result, four major approaches emerged, defining the existing state of employee engage-ment in the academic community. Each approach is explored and interpretations offered. Implications and questions for HRD bring this article to a close.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

35 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
51% Business, Management and Accounting
20% Psychology
17% Social Sciences
by Academic Status
26% Student > Master
23% Student > Doctoral Student
23% Student > Ph. D. Student
by Country
6% United Kingdom
3% India
3% Denmark

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in