The Giger and Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model.

by Joyce Newman Giger, Ruth Davidhizar
Journal of Transcultural Nursing ()


The Giger and Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model was developed in 1988 in response to the need for nursing students in an undergraduate program to assess and provide care for patients that were culturally diverse. The model includes six cultural phenomena: communication, time, space, social organization, environmental control, and biological variations. These provide a framework for patient assessment and from which culturally sensitive care can be designed.

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