Skip to content

Herodicus, the father of sports medicine

by Anastasios D. Georgoulis, Irini Sofia Kiapidou, Lamprini Velogianni, Nicholas Stergiou, Arthur Boland
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy ()
Get full text at journal


Herodicus (fifth century BC: ) is the first person in the history of medicine who actually combined sports with medicine. He used to be a sports teacher, who later studied medicine and managed to succeed Euryphon in the medical school of Cnidos, one of the most prominent in ancient Greece together with its neighbor medical school of Cos (Hippocrates' home). In Cnidos Herodicus formed his own theoretical perspective of medicine. He considered, namely, bad health to be the result of imbalance between diet and physical activity and for this reason he recommended strict diet, constant physical activity and regular training. He believed that this combination was the ideal way to maintain good standards of health and he applied this type of treatment method to his patients. Unfortunately, Herodicus' works are lost today. However, excerpts of his medical system, which can be traced in ancient texts, support the fact that Herodicus can be considered as the father of sports medicine.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

12 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
42% Medicine and Dentistry
8% Mathematics
8% Philosophy
by Academic Status
17% Professor > Associate Professor
17% Lecturer
17% Student > Ph. D. Student
by Country
8% United Kingdom
8% United States

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in