Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge

by A S Reber
Journal of Experimental Psychology ()


The picture that is emerging though perhaps somewhat less striking, is certainly more interesting. Specifically, knowledge acquired from implicit learning procedures is knowledge that, in some raw fahion, is always ahead of the capability of its possessor to explicate it. Hence although it is misleading to argue that implictly acquired knowledge is completely unconscious, it is not misleading to argue that the implicitly acquired epistemic contents of mind are always richer and more sophisticated than what can be explicated. p. 229 Implicit knowledge remained ahead of explicit knowledge. p. 229 The operations of implicit learning are shown to take place independentyl of consciousness; their mental products have been demonstrated to be held tacitly; their functional controlling properties have been shown to operate largely outside of awareness. The strong argument is that implicit learning represents a general, modality-free Ur-process, a fundamental operation whereby critical covariations in the stimulus environment are picked up. p. 233

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