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Interannual seesaw between the Aleutian and Icelandic lows. Part I: Seasonal dependence and life cycle

by M. Honda, H. Nakamura, J. Ukita, I. Kousaka, K. Takeuchi
Journal of Climate ()
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Abstract The seasonal dependence and life cycle of the well-known interannual seesawlike oscillation between the intensities of the surface Aleutian and Icelandic lows (AL and IL, respectively) are investigated, based on the National Meteorological Center operational analyses for the period from 1973 to 1994. It is found that the correlation between the AL and IL intensities is significantly negative only from February to mid-March. It is also found that the seesaw exhibits an equivalent barotropic structure within the troposphere. For this late-winter period an index is defined that measures the intensity difference between the two lows. A linear lag regression analysis between this index and circulation anomalies averaged in each of the nine 45-day periods from early winter to midspring reveals that the stationary AL and IL anomalies constituting the seesaw do not start developing simultaneously over the respective ocean basins in the course of a particular winter season. Rather, the seesaw formation is...

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