[Literature review of the dispersal of transgenes from genetically modified maize].

by Agnès Ricroch, Jean Baptiste Bergé, Antoine Messéan
Comptes rendus biologies ()
Get full text at journal


This article aims at reviewing the theoretical and experimental data published in 562 publications referring to genetically modified (GM) maize dispersal. Our choice was limited to this since in the European Union (EU), GM maize is the only GM crop currently grown commercially. The pollen dispersal of transgenic maize is due to two factors: (i) pollen-mediated gene flow; (ii) seed admixture during harvest and post-harvest processes. The pollen dispersal decreases rapidly with the distance from GM plots. Climatic and topographic factors and factors of relative density between GM and non-GM maize plots impact on the pollen dispersal. The combination of both isolation distance and flowering date between source plots and sink plots limits the adventitious presence of transgenes in non-GM plots. All publications we reviewed demonstrate that the EU 0.9% threshold is technically manageable if the measures of isolation distances as well as harvesting and post harvesting processes and fully synchronous flowering are implemented.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

24 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
79% Biological Sciences
13% Environmental Sciences
8% Social Sciences
by Academic Status
17% Researcher (at an Academic Institution)
17% Doctoral Student
13% Other Professional
by Country
4% Chile
4% France
4% United States

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in