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More gratitude, less materialism: The mediating role of life satisfaction

by Nathaniel M Lambert, Frank D Fincham, Tyler F Stillman, Lukas R Dean
The Journal of Positive Psychology ()
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An empirical relationship has been documented between gratitude and materialism, such that stronger feelings of gratitude are associated with lower materialism. Building on Fredrickson’s (1998, 2001) theory that positive emotions ‘broaden’ and ‘build’ we sought to expand upon this finding by (1) examining satisfaction with life as a potential mechanism for this relationship, and (2) exploring the causal direction of this relationship through experimental means. Study 1 (n¼131) demonstrated that satisfaction with life mediated the relationship between gratitude and materialism. Study 2 (n¼171) showed that that experimentally induced gratitude resulted in higher satisfaction with life and lower materialism in a high gratitude condition compared to an envy (low gratitude) condition. Implications and directions for future research were discussed

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