Newborn screening for hepatorenal tyrosinemia: Tandem mass spectrometric quantification of succinylacetone
- ISSN: 00099147
- ISBN: 0009-9147 (Print)\r0009-9147 (Linking)
- DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2005.059790
- PubMed: 16439608
BACKGROUND: False-positive and false-negative results occur in current newborn-screening programs for hepatorenal tyrosinemia, which measure tyrosine concentrations in blood spots, sometimes in combination with other metabolites, including succinylacetone. We present our experience with a newly described method for succinylacetone quantification in routine newborn screening. METHODS: Succinylacetone was extracted from blood spots that had already been extracted with absolute methanol for acylcarnitine and amino acid analysis. The solvent was acetonitrile-water (80:20 by volume) containing formic acid, hydrazine hydrate, and 100 nmol/L 5,7-dioxooctanoic acid as internal standard. Analysis was performed by tandem mass spectrometry in a separate run. RESULTS: Of 61,344 samples, 99.6% had succinylacetone concentrations < or =5 micromol/L. With a cutoff of 10 micromol/L, no false-positive results were obtained. In 2 patients, the succinylacetone concentrations in the dried blood spots from the 36th and 56th hours of life were 152 and 271 micromol/L, respectively, and the tyrosine concentrations were 54 and 129 micromol/L. Hepatorenal tyrosinemia was subsequently confirmed in both patients. Retrospective analysis of the neonatal screening samples of 2 additional known patients revealed increased succinylacetone concentrations of 46 and 169 micromol/L, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Tandem mass spectrometric quantification directly from residual blood spots is a useful method for the early detection of hepatorenal tyrosinemia in newborn-screening programs.