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Participatory Visualization with Wordle

by F B Viegas, M Wattenberg, J Feinberg, Huqdqgd Dwwhqehuj, D Q G Hlqehuj, Pdvv Dxglhqfh, Zdwfk Dv, R X U Zrun, L V Ylhzhg, Ploolrqv Ri, Wlphv Rq, Vxfk Zrug, Forxgv Ru, Ylvxdol Dwlrq, Pljkw Wdnh, L Q Pdvv, Srvvlelolwlhv Ri, Froru W Srjudsk, D Q G Frpsrvlwlrq, Frusrudwh Volghv, D Q G Krxvhv, R I Zruvkls, W K H Kdyh show all authors
Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on ()
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We discuss the design and usage of ldquoWordle,rdquo a Web-based tool for visualizing text. Wordle creates tag-cloud-like displays that give careful attention to typography, color, and composition. We describe the algorithms used to balance various aesthetic criteria and create the distinctive Wordle layouts. We then present the results of a study of Wordle usage, based both on spontaneous behaviour observed in the wild, and on a large-scale survey of Wordle users. The results suggest that Wordles have become a kind of medium of expression, and that a ldquoparticipatory culturerdquo has arisen around them.

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