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Population growth, Internal Migration, and Environmental Degradation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries

by Richard E. Bilsborrow
European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de … ()


Abstract. This examines between paper possible relationships demographic pro cesses and the environment in rural areas in developing countries. Evidence is reviewed on increasing degradation in the forms of deforestation (of highland forests as well as lowland soil erosion and soil desiccation. The frame forests), conceptual work considers in demographics as well as economic behaviour induced changes being by population growth and increasing pressures upon the land, but the focus here is on economic in the form of land extensification?often internal changes involving land intensification. data the expected relation migration?and Despite problems, ships are observed: countries with higher rural population growth tend to have larger increases in the arable land area and associated deforestation, but the intensification effects appear stronger. The paper concludes with implications for policy and further research. Bilsborrow,

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