The Psychological Effects of Unemployment

by P. Eisenberg, P. F. Lazarsfeld
Psychological Bulletin ()
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Abstract

This paper reviews studies dealing with the following: (1) The effects of unemployment upon personality. Unemployment leads to increased instability in the unemployed and lowers their morale. Movie attendance is increased, and personal habits may be somewhat modified. Methodological approaches to a study of the effect on the total personality are discussed, but no data are cited. (2) Socio-political attitudes affected by unemployment. Moral, religious, and political attitudes are discussed. Clear-cut changes are few. (3) Differing attitudes caused by unemployment and related factors. Individual attitudes are typed as the unbroken, the broken, and the distressed. Attitudes of people on relief and government are considered. Factors related to differing attitudes are mentioned. (4) The effect of unemployment on children and youth. Children show changes in stability and school work; problems of youth are discussed.

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