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Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction

by Terri A Scandura, Melenie J Lankau
Journal of Organizational Behavior (1986-1998) ()
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Abstract

Psychological contract theory (Rousseau. 1995) suggests that women and those with family responsibilities may negotiate new psychological contracts that include familyresponsive benefits such as flexible work hours. Relationships of gender, family responsibility, and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction were examined among 160 matched male and female managers in a crossorganizational study. Results revealed that women who perceived their organizations offered flexible work hours reported higher levels of organizational commitment and job satisfaction than women who did not. Also, flexible work hours were related to higher organizational commitment and job satisfaction for those having family responsibilities. Implications of these results for future research and organizational policy are discussed.

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