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Repopulation of cancer cells during therapy: an important cause of treatment failure.

by John J. Kim, Ian F. Tannock
Nature Reviews Cancer ()
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Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are given in multiple doses, which are spaced out to allow the recovery of normal tissues between treatments. However, surviving cancer cells also proliferate during the intervals between treatments and this process of repopulation is an important cause of treatment failure. Strategies developed to overcome repopulation have improved clinical outcomes, and now new strategies to inhibit repopulation are emerging in parallel with advances in the understanding of underlying biological mechanisms.

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