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Resource Mobilization Theory and The Study of Social Movements

by J Craig Jenkins
Annual review of psychology ()
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Abstract

Resource tion of social movements. troversies movement mobilization generated formation political opportunities McCarthy-Zald theory has recently presented by this new perspective. is advanced, emphasizing in addition to traditional assessed as an interpretation the relevance organization patterns. theories son's (1975) theory political (1977) are correct development the polity theory development psychology of the Olson (1968) theory is argued changes in the social movement diversity. alliances and processes that be mobilized without formal organization of resource an alternative The review traces the emergence A multifactored resources, discontent (1973) theory of entrepreneurial of the social movements of collective The debate between the Gerlach-Hine of social movement A model of social movement of strategy disruptiveness formal is necessarily of neo-corporatism, of mobilization. to be the major determinant organization and recent mobilization action of mobilization sector and the persistence politics is outlined, and Tilly's (1978) polity shaping organization; mobilization to deal with different incompatible theory success and failure. interpreta- con- organization, hypotheses. potential building model of social and The of the 1960s-1970s, and is specified. is critically Group and (1970) and entrepreneurial is traced in terms of historical of organizational on Gam- theory leads to success and that by emphasizing Piven & Cloward can disruptions they are wrong in asserting with mobilization. lies in two directions: and providing that states and regimes, including a more sophisticated The future extending the social

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