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Rotational vertebral artery occlusion syndrome with vertigo due to "labyrinthine excitation"

by M Strupp, J H Planck, V Arbusow, H J Steiger, H Bruckmann, T Brandt
Neurology ()


Leftward head rotations in a patient with a rotational vertebral artery occlusion syndrome elicited recurrent uniform attacks of severe rotatory vertigo and tinnitus in the right ear. These attacks were accompanied by a mixed clockwise torsional downbeat nystagmus with a horizontal component toward the right. A transient ischemia of the right labyrinth probably induced the attacks and led to a combined transient excitation of the right anterior and horizontal semicircular canals as well as the cochlea.

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