Solving Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Coelution Problems in the Analysis of Environmental Samples by Multivariate Curve Resolution
Multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) is shown to be a powerful tool to resolve coelution problems in liquid chromatograpy-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in scan mode. This investigation was performed using two types of LC columns, one traditional LC column of 25 cm length with a slow gradient and a shorter LC column of 7.5 cm with a rapid gradient which allowed much faster analysis and save of reagents and solvents. Mixtures of multiple biocide compounds were simultaneously analyzed in standard mixtures and in environmental samples (sediment and wastewater samples) with little sample pretreatment. Using the more traditional LC 25 cm column, all biocide compounds were properly resolved by MCR-ALS and quantitatively analyzed with estimated errors always below 20%. When fast chromatography (LC column of 7.5 cm) was used, MCR-ALS resolution of the more strongly coeluted compounds was also achieved but limitations were found in their simultaneous quantitative determination, specially for environmental samples. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.