Strategic human resource management : a conceptual approach

by Catherine Truss, Lynda Gratton
The International Journal of Human Resource Management ()


In this paper conceptual issues associated with strategic human resource management are addressed. The rapidly expanding intemationai interest in strategic human resource management is first highlighted. The article then explores some of the broader issues around the debate on SHRM that can inform thinking at a macro level. Firstly, the progress made towards understanding the meaning of SHRM is analysed, then a brief overview of the major models of SHRM to date is presented. This overview is used to highlight the key variables and interrelationships that need to be included in a model of SHRM, and a more detailed critical analysis of the contribu- tion of the literature in each of these areas follows. A summary of the most important research questions arising out of the literature is followed by a model of the SHRM process, which attempts to remedy the major weak- nesses in existing models of SHRM. The ways in which this model may be used as a basis for empirical research are then noted.

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