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On Student's 1908 Article “The Probable Error of a Mean”

by S. L Zabell
Journal of the American Statistical Association ()
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This month marks the 100th anniversary of the appearance of William Sealey Gosset’s celebrated article, “The Probable Error of a Mean” (Student 1908a). Gosset’s elegant result represented the first in a series of exact, “small-sample” results that were developed by Gosset, Fisher, and others to form a central component of the modern theory of statistical inference. This review celebrates the centenary of Gosset’s article by discussing both its background and its impact on statistical theory and practice.

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