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Theory of dissipationless Nernst effects

by Doron L. Bergman, Vadim Oganesyan
Physical Review Letters ()
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We develop a theory of transverse thermoelectric (Peltier) conductivity alpha(xy), in a strong magnetic field--this particular conductivity is often the most important contribution to the Nernst thermopower. We demonstrate that alpha(xy) of a free electron gas can be expressed purely and exactly as the entropy per carrier irrespective of temperature (which agrees with the seminal Hall bar result of Girvin and Jonson). In two dimensions we prove the universality of this result in the presence of disorder which allows explicit demonstration of a number of features of interest to experiments on graphene and other two-dimensional materials. We also exploit this relationship in the low-field regime and analyze the rich singularity structure in alpha(xy)(B,T) in three dimensions; we discuss its possible experimental implications.

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