Who do you think I think I am? Accuracy in perceptions of others’ self-esteem
This study was conducted to assess the accuracy of perceptions of others' self-esteem and to examine the potential moderating variables of target gender, perceiver gender, and degree of acquaintance. Degree of acquaintance was the only hypothesized moderator reliably related to accuracy. An overall tendency to overestimate targets' self-esteem was evinced, but was not related to any of the hypothesized moderators. The data suggested that perceivers are influenced by a false consensus effect when estimating others' level of self-esteem, independent of their degree of acquaintance with targets. Implications of the findings and directions for future investigation are discussed.